“22And Paul stood in the middle of Areopagus, and said, Men of Athens, by all things I see you as vain worshippers.
23 For I passed, and saw your maumets [and saw your simulacra], and found an altar, in which was written, To the unknown God. Therefore which thing ye unknowing worship, this thing I show to you.” (Acts 17:22-23, WYC)
Paul calls the Athenians “vain worshippers.” He points out their “maumets [simulacra]” and the altar upon which is written: “To the unknown God.” Paul says God once overlooked the ignorance that allows men to worship things made by their own hands, things made of silver or stone or gold.
“But now He commands all people everywhere to repent. For He has set a day when He will judge the world with justice by the Man He has appointed. He has given proof of this to all men by raising Him from the dead.” (Acts 17:30-31, NIV)
God calls us to repent of our ignorance, to set aside — nay, destroy — our idols. He commands us to align ourselves with His Son, Jesus Christ. When God judges the world with justice, His judgment will be “by the Man appointed” to satisfy His wrath. Proof of God’s satisfaction, of His acceptance of our repentance is the resurrection of His Son from the dead.